Smart Parking System (SPS) using Internet of Things (IoT)





A Brief Description

Required Equipments

How it works?

Block Diagram

ERD: Entity Relationship Diagram

Algorithm

Detailed Pin Diagram

Problems Faced

Group Members Information

Course Teacher




A Brief Description


Internet of Things (IOT) plays a vital role in connecting the surrounding environmental things to the network and made easy to access those un-internet things from any remote location. It’s inevitable for the people to update with the growing technology. And generally people are facing problems on parking vehicles in parking slots in a city. In this project we design a Smart Parking System (SPS) which enables the user to find the nearest parking area and gives availability of parking slots in that respective parking area. And it mainly focus on reducing the time in finding the parking lots and also it avoids the unnecessary travelling through filled parking lots in a parking area. Thus it reduces the fuel consumption which in turn reduces carbon footprints in an atmosphere.

Our system is derived from the idea of IoT. The system uses the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) consisting of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology to monitor car parks. An RFID reader counts the percentage of free parking spaces in each car park. The use of RFID facilitates implementation of a large-scale system at low cost. The system will update the status from the WSN node (the status of car park spaces) when a new car joins in the system. Therefore, the status of the overall parking system is always updated in real time.




Required Equipments





How it works?





Block Diagram




                                                                       pin diagram

                                                                                                                                               fig.1 Block Diagram




ERD: Entity Relationship Diagram




                                                                       pin diagram

                                                                                                                                               fig.2 ERD (Entity Relationship Diagram)




Algorithm




       1.Start
              2. WiFi connected to the Server and waits for data to be sent from Arduino
              3. Arduino waits for a RFID tag
                     4. Arduino reads the ID and send data to NodeMCU module
                            5.If ESP8266 recieves a new data
                                   6. If the data is valid
                                          7. Include the car ID into specific slot
                                          8. Update the database
                                   9.Else go to (4)
                            10.Else unpin the data from the database and update the database accordingly
                     11. Go to (3)
       12. End




Detailed Pin Diagram




                                                                       pin diagram

                                                                                                                             fig.3 Pin Diagram of RFID Reader





                                                                       pin diagram

                                                                                                                           fig.4 Pin Diagram for NodeMCU v1.0






Problems Faced


  1. The most diffiult problem we had to solve is to manage the data received from a single Passive RFID card to our Control Unit. It receives a lot of data in a very short interval and it was difficult to sort out only the necessary attributes and cancel out the unnecessary parts!

  2. Interfacing NodeMCU and finding it's pin diagram!

  3. Sending data and recieving data from ESP8266 and updating database!




Group Members Information


Section B2: Group 2

  1. Shuvro Dev Kundu (1205064)

  2. Golam Sakib Khan (1205066)

  3. Sukanto Kundu (1205068)

  4. MD. Nayeem Reza (1205106)

  5. Uaungchain Marma Milton (1205120)




Course Teachers


  1. Md. Abdus Sattar

  2. Md. Aashikur Rahman Azim

  3. Md. Iftekharul Islam Sakib



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